This Buddha is the Master of all
Healing. It is in the Mahayana tradition that the Medicine Buddha first appears and
veneration of this Lord of Healing became one of the most popular and widespread
According to the Mahayana there are infinite Buddhas,
bodhisattvas, and deities. They represent various aspects of the absolute Buddha-nature,
such as compassion, wisdom, power, and emptiness. The Medicine Buddha embodies the
healing aspect. He was worshipped as the dispenser of spiritual medicine that could cure
spiritual, psychological, and physical disease.
Among the twelve vows the Medicine Buddha is believed to
have taken, is that of curing just by the hearing of his name or the thought of him. But
he is not worshipped simply for his healing powers alone. He is the form of the
Buddha-nature that we aspire to realize in ourselves. Through the practice of meditation
on the Medicine Buddha, one can generate enormous healing power for self and for the
healing of others.
As Mahayana Buddhism spread throughout the Far East, it took with
it Ayurveda, the sacred medical system of India meaning "the science of long
life," and the worship of the Medicine Buddha. The spread of the Mahayana to China,
Japan, and the kingdoms of Southeast Asia had a benevolent effect on public health.
Hospitals, leper wards, and dispensaries were established in the larger monasteries and
were supported by income from "compassion fields." Perhaps nothing better
illustrates the union of religion and medicine in Buddhism than the fact that the
greatest of the Mahayana philosopher-saints were also great physicians, who wrote
important medical works.
According to the Tibetans, all medical knowledge has a sacred
origin and is ascribed to the wisdom of the Buddhas. A measure of the high regard with
which physicians were held in Tibet is shown in the title accorded to the greatest ones
among them, an epithet for bodhisattvas: The All Knowing One. Ideally, a doctor was
expected to practice compassion at all times and equally towards all beings; to perfect
his skill for their sake; and to always remember that a physician was a representative
of the Medicine Buddha and the holy lineage of medicine teaching.
The Medicine Buddha is the highest possible model of a healer.
Astrologically, the day of the Medicine Buddha is the eighth day of the lunar month. At
that time, his power and that of all the healing deities is said to be especially
strong. This is when rituals for healing and for making medicines are performed. Anyone
who wishes healing or knows of those who do, can practice this meditation on the
Medicine Buddha. First, find a quiet and comfortable space. Then, while breathing deeply
for a few moments, relax and empty your mind. In that void picture the Medicine Buddha,
radiant and translucent blue, holding the myrobalan plant in the fingers of his right
hand, which is extended on his knee in the gesture of giving. His left hand rests in his
lap and holds a begging bowl filled with healing nectar. He is dressed in the three
monastic robes and sits in the full lotus posture on a thousand-petalled lotus, which
itself sits on a jewelled throne.
See the space around you as a beautiful landscape holding objects
of offering, everything that is beautiful and pleasing to you. Mentally give all of the
most precious offerings to the Medicine Buddha. Invite him to bestow his blessings and
to sit on your head. Pray that he bestow his healing power upon you. Then see it radiate
out to those others you know who need healing, and see it flow out into the entire
Earth. If you wish, you may repeat the mantra of the Medicine Buddha:
TEYATA OM BEKANZE BEKANZE MAHABEKANZE RAZA SAMUDGATE
Recite the mantra with one-pointed concentration, devotion, and
with the intention that healing occur. From the heart center of the Medicine Buddha see
rays of light as bright as one hundred rising suns radiate into yourself and others,
dispelling disease and suffering. Bask in the light. Afterwards, visualize yourself and
all beings dissolving into a state of emptiness. Try to remain in that space free from
thought, mingling with the state of the Medicine Buddha's mind. The most important
aspect of this meditation, the essence of the healing practice, is to have strong
selfless compassion for others, and to have fervent trust and confidence.
May these ancient teachings bring you enlightenment and may you
share it freely with those around you.
TIBETAN BUDDHIST MEDICINE AND PSYCHIATRY by Terry Clifford